It is rare to find a Film or Polaroid camera these days, Most of today’s cameras are Digital. A digital camera (or digicam) is a camera that takes video or still photographs, or both, digitally by recording images via an electronic image sensor. Steven Sasson as an engineer at Eastman Kodak invented and built the First Digital camera using a charge-coupled device(CCD) image sensor in 1975. Since then Camera Technology and features have been constantly changing along with lens compatibility.
Types of Digital Cameras:
Many Digital Camera models are available at different price ranges. They can be broadly classified into 6 types:
- Compact (Point & Shoot) Digital cameras
- Bridge digital cameras
- Digital SLR cameras
- Entry-level DSLRs
- Mid-Price DSLRs
- Advanced DSLRs
- Mirrorless interchangeable lens cameras
- Phone cameras & Webcams
- Camcorders (Video cameras)
Compact (Point & Shoot) Digital cameras:
A point-and-shoot camera, also called a compact camera, is a still camera designed primarily for simple operation. Most use focus free lenses or auto-focus for focusing, automatic systems for setting the exposure options, and have flash units built in.
Point-and-shoots are by far the best selling type of separate camera, Point-and-shoot cameras 44% share and 16 percent of them have optical zoom greater than 10x. These are easy to use camera for vacations, parties, reunions and other events.
Examples of Point-and-shoots- Nikon Coolpix L26, Nikon Coolpix L810, Canon PowerShot SX150 IS, Sony Cybershot DSC-W690
Slim point-and-shoot: Canon ELPH 300 HS / IXUS 220 HS
Budget point-and-shoot: Canon A800, Canon A1200
Mid-range super-zoom: Panasonic TZ18 / ZS8
Touch-screen super-zoom compact: Canon ELPH 510 HS / IXUS 1100 HS
Bridge(superzoom) digital cameras:
Bridge cameras are cameras which fill the niche between the Point-and-shoot camera and single-lens reflex cameras (SLRs). They are often comparable in size and weight to the smallest Digital SLRs (DSLR), but almost all digital bridge cameras lack an optical viewfinder system. In addition, SLRs normally feature interchangeable lenses, while current bridge cameras do not.
Examples: Canon PowerShot SX50 HS Price: Rs.29,000; Panasonic Lumix DMC-FZ200 Price: Rs.34,000, Nikon Coolpix L810, Canon SX40 HS, Sony CyberShot DSC-HX10V, Nikon Coolpix P510, Samsung WB100, Olympus SP 810UZ
Digital SLR cameras:
Digital single-lens reflex cameras (DSLRs) are digital cameras based on film single-lens reflex cameras (SLRs). They take their name from their unique viewing system, in which a mirror reflects light from the lens through a separate optical viewfinder. These cameras have much larger sensors than the other types, typically 18 mm to 36 mm on the diagonal (crop factor 2, 1.6, or 1). This gives them superior low-light performance, less depth of field at a given aperture, and a larger size.
Examples: Best budget DSLR: Canon EOS 1100D / Rebel T3, Nikon D3100, Panasonic Lumix DMC-G3,
Best mid-range DSLR:Canon T2i / EOS 550D, Sony SLT A33, Canon T3i / EOS 600D, Nikon D5100, Nikon D90, Canon EOS 60D, Nikon D7000,
Best semi-pro DSLR: Canon EOS 7D, Nikon D300s, Canon EOS 5D Mark II(Highly recommended for stills or movies), Nikon D700, Sony Alpha DSLR-A900,
Mirrorless interchangeable-lens camera:
In late 2008, a new type of camera emerged, combining the larger sensors and interchangeable lenses of DSLRs with the live-preview viewing system of compact cameras, either through an electronic viewfinder or on the rear LCD. These are simpler and more compact than DSLRs due to the removal of the mirror box, and typically emulate the handling and ergonomics of either DSLRs or compacts. The system is used by Micro 4/3, borrowing components from the Four Thirds DSLR system.
Examples: Nikon J1 – see Nikon V1, Olympus PEN E-P3 Mirrorless, Sony NEX-C3, Sony NEX 5N, Fujifilm FinePix X100
Camera-equipped smartphones — devices we carry with us all the time — are now in spitting distance of outnumbering traditional cameras in the percentage of photos and videos taken with them. Smartphone cameras have, improved over the years. The original iPhone debuted in 2007 with just a 2-megapixel camera. But today, and the iPhone 4S camera boasts eight megapixels. The Android-based Galaxy S II also features an 8-megapixel camera. For Full list of Camera Phones check:
Best above 8 Megapixel Camera Phone in India – New & Upcoming 2012
Best selling Mobile phones in India 2012
Camcorders (Video Cameras): While digital cameras these days shoots decent videos, they cant match continuous long shoot times of Camcorders.
How to Choose(buy) a Digital Camera?
Image Sensor: The Most important factor in determining the Quality of your Photograph is the type of Image sensor used in the camera. Generally, the Larger the Sensor size the better the image quality. CCD sensor images will be Lower quality than that of CMOS sensor etc.. APS & Full Frame sensor cameras will give you Best quality photos.
MegaPixel Count: Does Above 16MP Cameras have better Image quality than 14MP, 12MP resp? Not always so. The higher megapixel count only matters if you plan to print out the photographs to sizes larger than A4.
Each type of Camera had its purpose and uses, for amateur photographers Super-zoom or bridge cameras) are quite useful due to its lightweight and easy to carry as it does not have interchangeable lenses like DSLR cameras, you can carry a single lens which have zoom range of 10mm- 1200mm which more than sufficient for travelers and marriage photographers alike. Choose the camera type by you budget and quality of Images you need for the purpose of print or for online storage etc. Check our latest camera price lists for the New models and latest Prices in India.
Nikon has launched three new DSLR cameras in India, featuring FX-format CMOS sensors, specifically – the Nikon D4, D800, and D800E, priced at Rs. 324,950, Rs. 149,950 and Rs. 164,950, respectively.
The Nikon D800 is also a full frame camera, and is considered a more compact version of the D4 – however, it features a 36MP sensor.
For latest Canon, Sony, Samsung digital camera prices in india 2012 check our Lifestyle and Consumer Electronics section.
- Digital Camera Prices in India 2012 list – Point and Shoot
- Digital Cameras – Mirrorless interchangeable lens camera 2012 Prices in India
- Canon Digital cameras Price list in India 2012
- Sony Digital Cameras best buy Price list in India
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